standing desk health benefits

standing desk health benefits - There was a time when standing desks were a curiosity--used by loonies like Hemingway, Dickens and Kierkegaard, but seldom seen inside a regular agency setting. That's changed, in massive segment due to research is demonstrating that the cumulative jolt of sitting the working day for years is associated with a range of health problems, from obesity to diabetes to cancer. Because the average office worker spends 5 hours and 41 times sitting each day at his or her desk, some describe the problem with a terse new phrase that's undeniably catchy, if rather overdone:" Sitting is the new smoking ."


Much of such research has been stimulant by James Levine, an endocrinologist at the Mayo Clinic." The method we live now is to sit all day, occasionally interrupted by a stroll from the parking lots to the agency ," he recently said during a phone interview, speaking as he strolled around his living room." The default has become to sit. We need the default to be standing ."

All this might chime suspiciously like the most recent health fad, and nothing more. But a originating mas of research--conducted both by Levine and other scientists--confirms that a sedentary life-style appears to be detrimental in the long-term.

The solution, they say, isn't to sit for six hours at work and then front to the gym afterwards, because exhibit suggests that the negative effects of lengthened sitting can't be countered by summary contests of strenous usage. The refute is incorporating abide, speeding and other means of activity into your ordinary day--and stands at your desk for part of it is the easiest way of doing so. Here's a list of some of potential benefits scientists have found so far.

Reduced Risk of Obesity

Levine's research began as an investigation into an age-old health doubt: why some people gain weight and others don't. He and colleagues recruited a group of office workers who engaged in little routine usage, kept them all on an analogous food that contained about 1000 more calories than they'd been eating previously and outlaw them from changing their usage garbs. But despite the standardized diet and usage regimens, some participants gained load, while others abode slim.

Eventually, expending underwear stitched with sensors that measure every subtle change, health researchers detected the secret: the participants who weren't gaining weight were up and walking around, on average, 2.25 more hours per day, although there are all of them made at( sitting) desks, and no one was going to the gym." During all of our epoches, there are opportunities to move around substantially more ," Levine reads, mentioning circumstances as mundane as walking to a colleague's office rather than emailing them, or taking the stairs instead of the elevator.

Failing to take advantage of these constant change opportunities, it is about to change, is closely connected with obesity. And research suggests that our conventional usage strategy--sitting the working day at work, then hitting the gym or going for a extend --" obliges seldom more ability than the notion that you could counter a pack-a-day smoking dres by canting ," as James Vlashos puts it in the New York Times. The key to reducing the risk of obesity is compatible, moderate levels of change throughout the day.

Scientists are still analyse why this might be the case. The reduced amount of calories burned while sitting( a 2013 analyze found that standers ignite, on average, 50 more calories per hour) is clearly implied, but there may also be metabolic changes at represent, such as the body's cadres becoming less accept to insulin, or sedentary muscles releasing lower levels of the enzyme lipoprotein lipase.

Of course, all this specifically drawn attention to danger of sitting too much , not exactly the same as the benefit of standing. But Levine belief the two are closely intertwined.

" Step one is get up. Step two is ascertained to get up more frequently. Step three is, once you're up, move ," he reads." And what we've discovered is that once you're up, you do tend to move ." Steps one and two, then, are the most important parts--and a desk that encourages "youve got to" stand at least some of the time is one of the most convenient the ways and means of doing so.

Reduced Risk of Type 2 Diabetes and Other Metabolic Problems

The detrimental health impacts of sitting--and the benefits of standing--appear to go beyond simple-minded obesity. Some of the same surveys by Levine and others have found that sitting for long periods of time is related to shortened effectiveness in regulating levels of glucose in the bloodstream, part of a condition known as metabolic ailment that dramatically increases opportunities of nature 2 diabetes.

A 2008 analyze, for example, found that people who sat for longer periods during their day had significantly higher levels of fasting blood glucose, indicating their their cadres became less accept to insulin, with the hormone failing to provoked the absorption of glucose from the blood. A 2013 analyze[ PDF] came to same obtains, and arrived at the conclusion that for beings once at risk of developing nature 2 diabetes, the amount of time spent sitting could be a most significant determining factor than the amount of time spent energetically exercising.

Reduced Risk of Cardiovascular Disease

Scientific evidence that sitting is bad for the cardiovascular structure goes all the way back to the 1950 s, when British investigates equated proportions of myocardial infarction in London bus moves( who are participating) and bus conductors( who stand) and found that the onetime radical suffered much more heart attack and other troubles than the latter.

Since, scientists have found that adults who spend two more hours per day sitting have a 125 percent increased risk of health problems related to cardiovascular disease, including chest pain and heart attack. Other drudgery has found that all those people who spend more than five hours per day sitting outside of drudgery and get limited usage are currently under twice health risks of coronary failure as those who usage often and sit fewer than two hours daily outside of the agency. Even when health researchers restricted for the amount of usage, unwarranted baby-sitters were still 34 percent more likely to develop coronary failure than those who were standing or moving.

Reduced Risk of Cancer

A handful of studies recommend that extended periods of sitting can be linked with a higher probability of many forms of cancer. Breast and colon cancer appear to be most were affected by physical activity( or shortfall thereof ): a 2011 analyze found that prolonged sitting could be responsible for as much as 49,000 an instance of breast cancer and 43,000 an instance of colon cancer yearly in the U.S. But the same research found that significant amounts of lung cancer( 37,200 subjects ), prostate cancer( 30,600 subjects ), endometrial cancer( 12,000 subjects) and ovarian cancer( 1,800 subjects) could also be related to unwarranted sitting.

The underlying proces by which sitting increases cancer probability is still unclear, but scientists have found a number of biomarkers, such as C-reactive protein, that occur in higher levels in people who sit for long periods of time. These is a possibility restrained to the development of cancer.

Lower Long-Term Mortality Risk

Because of a reduction in the occasion of obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease and cancer, a number of studies have found strong correlations between the amount of experience person or persons spends sitting and his or her occasion of succumbing within a given period of time.

A 2010 Australian study, for example, found that for each additional hour participants wasted sitting daily, their overall probability of succumbing during the study period( seven years) increased by 11 percent. A 2012 analyze found that if the average American reduced his or her sitting is necessary to three hours per day, life expectancy would descend by two years.

These jobs ascendancy for other factors such as diet and exercise--indicating that sitting, in isolation, can lead to a variety of health problems and increase the overall probability of demise, even if "youre just trying to" do usage while you're not sitting and dine a health food. And though there are many status besides the agency in which we sit for extended periods( driving and watching TV, for example, are at the top of the roll ), spending some of your time at work at a standing desk is one of the most direct solutions.

If you're going to start doing so, most professionals recommend separating your time between standing and sitting, because standing the working day can lead to back, knee or paw troubles. The easiest ways and means of achieving this are either expending a desk that can be raised upward or a tall chair that you are able to pull up to your desk when you do need to sit. It's also important to ease into it, they say, by standing for exactly a few hours per day at first while your mas becomes used to the strain, and move around a little bit, by shifting its own position, pacing, or even dancing as you work.